Industrie 4.0 geht nur mit Industriefrequenzen

Im Ökonomenblog der Initiative Neue Soziale Marktwirtschaft (INSM) hat der FDP-Bundestagsabgeordnete Christian Jung, Mitglied des Bundestagsausschusses für Verkehr und digitale Infrastruktur, einen Gastbeitrag zum Thema Industriefrequenzen und 5G veröffentlicht. Dieser ist abrufbar unter:

Gastbeitrag in englischer Sprache:

Gastbeitrag in französischer Sprache:


„Industrie 4.0 geht nur mit Industriefrequenzen


Alle reden über das neue Mobilfunknetz 5G. Dass 5G rasch kommen muss, ist inzwischen Allgemeingut. Dann würde das vielbeschworene „Internet der Dinge“ Realität. Der erste Schritt ist die geplante Frequenzversteigerung im Frühjahr. Doch zu häufig denken wir bei 5G nur an Verbraucheranwendungen wie smarte Kühlschränke und autonomes Fahren. Noch wichtiger ist 5G für die Industrie in einer auf Wettbewerb ausgerichteten Sozialen Marktwirtschaft.

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Industry 4.0 can only succeed with industrial frequencies


Everybody is talking about the new 5G mobile network. It is now commonly accepted that 5G needs to be implemented quickly. This would allow the much-vaunted “Internet of Things” to become a reality. The first step is the spectrum auction planned for the spring. Too often, however, we only think of consumer applications such as smart fridges and driverless vehicles when it comes to 5G. Yet 5G is even more important for industry in a competition-oriented social market economy.

Why? Large companies and SMEs want to be able to use the new standard independently – without an intermediary mobile network provider. The buzz word is “Industry 4.0”, in other words everything that is related to the manufacture of products, machines, vehicles and systems in the future. This also encompasses the production of media content and events. It requires industry to have secure access to 5G frequencies. In order to achieve this, the Federal Network Agency has reserved the frequency spectrum between 3.7 and 3.8 GHz and will not auction these 100 MHz off to mobile networks. That is good news for the German economy. Germany is showing greater foresight here than many other countries. And yet it is already becoming apparent that 100 MHz will be nowhere near enough.

This is also suggested by comments from the German Electrical and Electronic Manufacturers’ Association (ZVEI) in a statement published by the Federal Network Agency, in which they claim that “at least” 100 MHz will be required. Although 5G is a project for the future, the demand for suitable frequencies is already growing. Companies are not only interested in setting up campus networks on their own production sites. There is also demand for “nomadic applications”, in other words local networks operated on a short-term basis, for example at trade fairs or cultural events.

The Federal Network Agency is not giving sufficient consideration to these applications when it plans to allocate spectrum in staggered blocks on a request basis and for periods of up to 10 years. What happens when a network is only required for 10 days? While frequencies cannot be stockpiled, and non-users lose their frequency, being able to prove this is difficult and takes a long time. Legal disputes block spectrum for even longer periods. That is why an automatic solution for frequency allocation for local applications should be considered. This could happen via a platform, ensuring efficient use of the spectrum and safeguarding competition.

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Pas d’industrie 4.0 sans fréquences industrielles


Tout le monde parle du nouveau réseau de téléphonie mobile 5G. Il est communément admis que la 5G doit être rapidement mise en place, permettant la réalisation de l’« Internet des objets » si souvent invoqué. La première étape sera la mise aux enchères des fréquences, prévue pour le printemps. Nous associons pourtant trop souvent la 5G uniquement à des applications grand public, comme les réfrigérateurs intelligents et la voiture autonome, alors que dans une économie sociale de marché concurrentielle, cette nouvelle norme est encore plus importante pour l’industrie.

Pourquoi ? Les grandes entreprises et les PME veulent pouvoir utiliser cette nouvelle norme directement, sans être obligées de passer par un opérateur de téléphonie mobile. Le mot clé à cet égard est l’« industrie 4.0 », c’est-à-dire tout ce qui, à l’avenir, sera lié à la fabrication de produits, de machines, de véhicules et de systèmes, et comprendra également la production de contenus média et l’événementiel. Cela présuppose que l’industrie ait un accès sûr aux fréquences 5G.

L’Agence fédérale des réseaux a réservé à cet effet une bande de fréquences de 100 MHz comprise entre 3,7 et 3,8 GHz, qu’elle n’attribuera pas à la téléphonie mobile. C’est une bonne nouvelle pour les entreprises allemandes et dans ce domaine, l’Allemagne voit plus loin que beaucoup d’autres pays. Mais on s’aperçoit déjà que ces 100 MHz seront loin d’être suffisants.

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Insufficient frequencies: are theatre productions and trade fairs at risk of being cancelled?

Member of the German Bundestag for the FDP Christian Jung visited the cultural and creative industries in Karlsruhe / Politicians are not yet up to speed with many details regarding insufficient frequencies for wireless microphones

Member of the Bundestag for the FDP Christian Jung (centre) was briefed on the sound technology at the Badisches Staatstheater in Karlsruhe. Productions are performed at this theatre using wireless microphones, whereas cable microphones are a thing of the past. (Photo: Maximilian Scheu)

Karlsruhe/Berlin. In December 2018, FDP Member of the Bundestag Christian Jung spent a day with representatives of the cultural and creative industries in Karlsruhe and the region to discuss the looming problems surrounding insufficient frequencies for wireless microphones. “The future use of 5G is on everyone’s lips,” said Jung, “but we shouldn’t only be dreaming about the distant future, but also be looking at 2019, because from then onwards there will be insufficient frequencies for wireless microphones being used everywhere in theatre and at trade fairs, and also in kindergartens for performances or in church services.”

Each individual device needs its own frequency in order to work. In the past, however, many suitable frequencies were auctioned off to mobile phone networks and are no longer available for wireless microphones. The affected institutions have to buy new equipment or, where possible, put contingency plans in place at considerable expense so that their performances or events are not disrupted. “This is a nightmare scenario not only for Karlsruhe, but for the whole of Germany,” said Christian Jung. The FDP politician claimed that the Federal Government was ignoring the problem. “What we need is not only an efficient mobile phone network, but also a functioning cultural landscape,” he added.

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